Tam Lin

Chapter One

page 5, lines 11-12.

“…would probably have put her on bread water and Eugene Field for a week.”

Eugene Field wrote such poems as “Little Boy Blue” and “A Dutch Lullaby” AKA “Wynken, Blynken, and Nod.”

page 8, line 25.

I have to agree with Molly; I hate Herman Hesse. But maybe it’s the translations, my mom loves the originals.

page 9, line 23.

“…babbled of green fields…”

Shakespeare, Henry V, Act II, Scene iii, lines 15-16.

for his nose was as sharp as a pen, and ’a babbled of green fields.

page 9, lines 16-18.

Till We Have Faces, C. S. Lewis

All the Myriad Ways, Larry Niven

Jack of Shadows, Roger Zelazny

The Children of Llyr, Evangeline Walton

More Than Human, Theodore Sturgeon

The Daughter of Time, Josephine Tey

The Crystal Cave, Mary Stewart

A Tan and Sandy Silence, John D. MacDonald

page 14, line 8.

“Though she be little, yet she is fierce.”

Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act III, Scene ii, line 342.

page 16, line 20.

“Master of the Game”

Magister Ludi (The Glass Bead Game), Hermann Hesse


Chapter Two

page 18, line 19

A Wrinkle in Time is by Madeleine L’Engle

page 18, line 35; page 19 line 1.

“…the little red volumes of The Illiad and The Odyssey…”

She may well have meant a series I’m not familiar with, but the classics series I know of (the Loeb Classics from Harvard University Press) are green for the Greek and red for the Latin.

page 29, lines 16-18.

“There was a boy named Eustace Clarence Scrubb, and he almost deserved it.”

First sentence of the fifth book of C. S. Lewis’s Chronicles of Narnia, The Voyage of the Dawn Treader.

page 35, line 1.

“The Snark is a Boojum.”

Lewis Carrol, “The Hunting of the Snark,” Fit VIII, stanza 9.

For the snark is a Boojum, you see.


Chapter Three

page 37, line 10.


Greek play by Aristophanes, circa 415 B.C.

page 37, lines 20-22.

“I have heard the mermaids singing, each to each. I do not think that they will sing for me.”

lines 26-27

“I have lingered in the chambers of the sea.”

T. S. Elliot, “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”, within last ten lines.

page 37, line 24.

Murder in the Cathedral

play by T. S. Elliot, 1935.

page 43, line 8.

The Worm Ouroboros

novel by E. R. Eddison, 1926.

page 47, lines 5-8.

“The woods decay, the woods decay and fall, thought Janet, recalling favorite poems with a pleasurable melancholy. Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness. When icicles hang by the wall.”

The woods decay, the woods decay and fall,
—Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “Tithonus”, first line.

Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness,
—John Keats, “To Autumn”, first line.

When icicles hang by the wall.
—Shakespeare, Loves Labor Lost, Act V, Scene ii, line 920.

When I first read this I felt sure that they must be part of one poem. I was rather confused when I found that first sentence in Tennyson, but none of the rest of it. That and for some reason believing the second sentence should’ve been “ Seasons of mist and mellow fruitlessness.”

page 48, lines 3-4.

“human voices wake us, and we drown”

last line of “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

Till human voices wake us, and we drown.

page 51, lines 31-32

“…”Abandon all hope, ye who enter here.” It always irritated Janet. “All hope abandon,” she muttered.”

Dante Alighieri, The Divine Comedy, Inferno, canto III, line 9.

“All hope abandon, ye who enter here!”

[traditional (Cary) translation of “Lasciate ogni speranza, voi ch’entrate.”]

page 51, line 35; page 52, line 1.

Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came

poem by Robert Browning

page 53, lines 8-13.

George Chapman’s translation.

page 53, lines 18-26

John Keats, “On First Looking Into Chapman’s Homer

page 54, lines 3-10.

Alexander Pope’s translation.

page 56, line 8.

“Full of sound and fury.”

Shakespeare, Macbeth, Act V, Scene v, line 27.

…it is a tale Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, Signifying nothing.

page 58, line 2.


French = knight.

page 58, line 6.

“Autre temps, autre mores”

French, “Other days, other ways”


Chapter Four

page 63, line 26.

Roman de la Rose

The Romance of the Rose

see supplement.

page 64, lines 21-23.

“…if we want to deal with original texts, which is the best way of looking at literature.”

I agree with Professor Evans, and dual language editions are almost perfect.

page 70, lines 22-24.

“Underfoot the violet, crocus, and hyacinth with rich inlay ‘broidered the ground, more colored than with stones of the costliest emblem.”

Milton, Paradise Lost, Book IV, lines 700-703.

…; underfoot the Violet,
Crocus, and Hyacinth with rich inlay
Broiderd the ground, more colour’d then with stone
Of costliest Emblem:…

page 71, line 12.

“Lead on, MacDuff.”

Shakespeare, Macbeth, Act V, Scene vii, line 62.

Lay on, Macduff.

page 75, line 18.

“…rosebud was, not her sled…”

ref. to film Citizen Kane (RKO, 1941), Director: Orson Wells.

page 86, lines 14-15.

“In the room the women come and go, Talking of Michelangelo.”

T. S. Elliot, “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”, lines 13-14.


Chapter Five

page 93, line 24.

McGuffey’s Fifth Reader


see supplement.

page 95, lines 32-33.

“Tom, Tom, the piper’s son, learned to play when he was young.”

Nursery Rhyme

Tom, Tom, the piper’s son,
He learned to play when he was young.
But all the tune that he could play
Was “Over the hills and far away.”

page 96, lines 21-24.

“When that and I was a little tiny boy,…”

Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Act V, Scene i, last lines.

Song sung by Feste, the Clown

page 101, line 4.


Perhaps named after Duke Vincentio from Shakespeare’s Measure for Measure.

page 104, line 32.

Babel 17, Samuel R. Delany


Chapter Six

page 111, line 1.

“Janet slept badly, dreaming of heavenly spheres that were like sweet bells jangled, out of tune and harsh, with unpleasant reverberations in the lower world.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III, Scene i, line 1647.

“Like sweet bells jangled, out of tune and harsh”

page 114, lines 5-6.

That Hideous Strength, C. S. Lewis

page 118, line 3.

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

play by Tom Stoppard.

page 123, line 26.

“Et tu?”

You, too?

Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Act III, Scene i, line 77.

“Et tu, Brute”

Debatably historical.

page 127, line 34.

“As with the indifferent children of the earth”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act II, Scene ii, line 235.

As the indifferent children of the earth.

page 130, line 21.

“Lord, what fools these mortals be.”

Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, act iii, Scene ii, line 115.

page 133, lines 19-22.

“I think Mark Twain was wrong.” “What?” “It’s lies, damned lies, and calculus.”

Attributed by Mark Twain to Benjamin Disraeli.

There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics.

page 136, lines 19-22.

Paragraph of lines from Hamlet


Chapter Seven

page 137 line 35, page 138 line 1.

“There are more things in Heaven and Earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, Scene v, line 166.

page 138, lines 7-8.

“Speak the speech trippingly, my ass.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III, Scene ii, line 1.

Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue.

page 144, line 13.

The Lady’s Not for Burning

play by Christopher Fry.

page 150, line 3.

“‘As this fell sergent Death is swift in his arrest.’”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act V, Scene ii, lines 336-337.

Page 152, lines 17-18 and 24-25

“Our indiscretion sometime serves us well when our deep plots do pall."

“There’s a divinity that shapes our ends, rough-hew them how we will.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act V, Scene ii, lines 8-11.

Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well,
When our deep plots do pall: and that should learn us
There's a divinity that shapes our ends,
Rough-hew them how we will—


Chapter Eight

page 156, line 33.

“Give to airy nothing a local habitation and a name.”

Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act V, Scene i.

page 161, line 4.

Fahrenheit 451

Novel by Ray Bradbury.

page 158, lines 26-30.

“”I would that there were no age between sixteen and three-and-twenty, or that youth would sleep out the rest: for there is nothing in the between but getting wenches with child, wronging the ancientry, stealing, fighting.”

Shakespeare, A Winter’s Tale, Act III, Scene iii, lines 59-62.

page 161, line 7.

“Play the man, Master Ridley.”

Speaking of the uses of fire, this was part of what Hugh Latimer said to Nicholas Ridley as they were being burned for heresy at Oxford in 1555.

Play the man, Master Ridley; we shall this day light such a candle, by God’s grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out.

page 164, line 34

“And miles to go, before you sleep.”

Robert Frost, “Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening,” last line(s).

And miles to go before I sleep

page 173, line 7.

“Are you a butterfly dreaming it’s a Chinese philosopher?”

Chuang-tzu, circa third century B.C.

I do not know whether I was then a man dreaming I was a butterfly, or whether I am now a butterfly dreaming I am a man.


Chapter Nine

page 189, line 27.

“That way lies madness.”

Shakespeare, King Lear, Act III, Scene iv, line 21.

O, that way madness lies; let me shun that; No more of that!

page 192, line 24.

“Good-bye unicorns.”

Ref to the medieval notion of virgins being the only ones who can see/ride/capture a unicorn.

page 195, lines 19-20.

“Only a faint cry from Tina of “Foul! No repetition” marred that verse.”

Ref to the play they saw in the previous chapter, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead.


Chapter Ten

page 210, lines 32-35; page 211, lines 1-3.

“…there were, in fact, exactly as Keats had said in “The Eve of St. Agnes,” candied apple, quince, and plum, and gourd (by which he meant melon, and Melinda Wolfe provided cantaloupe), jellies soother than the creamy curd, and lucent syrups, tinct with cinnamon, all right, Janet could smell it from where she stood; and dates, too…”

John Keats, “The Eve of St. Agnes,” section XXX, lines 4-7.

Of candied apple, quince, and plum, and gourd;
With jellies soother than the creamy curd,
And lucent syrups, tinct with cinnamon;
Manna and dates,…

page 220, lines 31-32.

A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning

Poem by John Donne

page 224, starting at line 16.

“In such a night…”

Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act V, Scene i.


Chapter Eleven


Chapter Twelve

page 244, line 14.

“…the hounds of spring were as usual on winter’s traces.”

Algernon Charles Swinburne, Atlanta in Calydon, “When the Hounds of Spring.”

When the hounds of spring are on winter’s traces,
  The mother of months in meadow or plain
Fills the shadows and windy places
  With lisp of leaves and ripple of rain;

page 246-249.

Janet’s poem

page 249, lines 21-23.

“Chaucer and Milton and Euripides.”

“Oh my.”

Ref. to The Wizard of Oz (film).

page 249, lines 28-30.

“You might as well say, I breathe when I sleep is the same as I sleep when I breathe.” “It is the same thing with you!”

Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Chapter 7: A Mad Tea-Party.

“You might just as well say,” added the Dormouse, which seemed to be talking in its sleep, “that ‘I breathe when I sleep’ is the same thing as ‘I sleep when I breathe’!”
“It is the same thing with you,” said the Hatter…

page 254, line 2.

“…hire a pandar.”

pander, pimp.


Chapter Thirteen

page 267, lines 8-9.

“Begin at the beginning, “ said Janet, between her teeth, “go on until you get to the end, and then stop.”

Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wondrland, Chapter 12: Alice’s Evidence.

Begin at the beginning,” the King said, very gravely, “and go on till you come to the end: then stop.

page 271, page 5.

“A poem should not mean, but be.”

Archibald MacLeish, “Ars Poetica” (1926).

page 271, lines 23-27.

“This world uncertain is.” second line of Thomas Nashe’s “A Litany in Time of Plague

page 274, line 4.

“Insufficient data”

after Spock in Star Trek.

page 276, lines 32-33.

“Rumor all stuck about with tongues.”

“Painted full of tongues.”

Shakespeare, Henry IV, part II, first stage direction.

Enter RUMOUR, Painted full of tongues.

page 279, line 33.

Where had she gotten laudanum?

Well, since laudanum was a fairly common painkiller, perhaps it was the same as later with the Tylenol w/codeine — the college gave it out and the students hoarded it.

page 278, line 32.

Newton’s De Rerum Natura

I wonder if this is a mistake, or if I just haven’t seen that Newton did, in fact, write a book with this title. I have found a book with this title by Lucretius. [(De Rerum NaturaOn the nature of things]


page 282, lines 7-15.

“red roses, streaked carnations, and rue.”

The roses could mean Love or Bashful Shame.

The streaked carnations, Refusal.

And, the rue, Disdain.

see supplement (soon).


Chapter Fourteen

page 294, line 20.

“Tweedledum and Tweedledee”

Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass

page 295, line 16.

“This bodes some strange eruption to our state.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, Scene i, Line 69.

page 301, lines 5-7.

“Custom,” said Janet, very coldly, “can almost change the stamp of nature. Suppose I wish to be what I would seem to be; how should I begin?”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III, Scene iv, 168.

…For use almost can change the stamp of nature.


Chapter Fifteen

page 329, line 23.

“We’re all mad here.”

Lewis Carrol, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Chapter 6: Pig & Pepper.


Chapter Sixteen

page 348, lines 12-13.

“She saw a lily on his brow, though it was not moist with anguish or anything else.”

ref to Keats, “La Belle Dame Sans Merci” — see page 195.

page 349, lines 5-7.

“Hoist with his own petard, she thought, oh ’tis most sweet, when in one line two crafts directly meet.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III, Scene iv, Lines 208-212.

For ’tis the sport to have the enginer
Hoist with his own petard, and’t shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines
And blow them at the moon. O, ’tis most sweet
When in one line two crafts directly meet.

page 351, lines 5-7.

“The woman who is tired of Shakespeare, is tired of literature, for there is in literature all that Shakespeare can afford.”

Samuel Johnson, Boswell’s Life of Johnson, 20 September 1777.

When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life; for there is in London all that life can afford.


Chapter Seventeen

Page 357, lines 28-29.

“Gossip is mischievous,” said Hesiod, “light and easy to raise, but grievous to bear and hard to get rid of.”

Hesiod, Works and Days, line 761.

Page 362, lines 24-25.

“My head aches,” said her father, getting up, “and a drowsy numbness pains my sense.”

Keats, “Ode to a Nightingale”, 1st stanza.

My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains
 My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk,

Page 365, line 11.

“Adam delved and Eve span,” said Robin amiably.

Said by Bartlett’s to be “Text used by John Ball for his speech at Blackheath to the men in Wat Tyler’s Rebellion [1381]

When Adam delved and Eve span
Who was then a gentleman?

Page 365, lines 13-18.

“This world uncertain is.”
“Fine! You say farewell, earth’s bliss, then.”

Thomas Nashe, “Litany in the Time of Plague.”

Adieu, farewell earth’s bliss
This world uncertain is.


Chapter Eighteen

Page 379, line 25.

“I wasted time, and now time doth waste me.”

Shakespeare, King Richard II, Act V, Scene v, line 49.

Page 388, lines 5-6.

“If it be now,” said Thomas, still not looking at him, “it is not to come. If it be not to come, then it will be.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act V, Scene ii, lines 233-235.

If it be now, ’tis not to come, if it be not to come, it will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come: the readiness is all.

Page 389, line 6.

“Lord, what fools these mortals be!”

Shakespeare, A Midsummer-Night’s Dream, Act III, Scene ii, Line 115.

Page 390, lines 24-25.

“Milton! thou shouldst be living at this hour”

Wordsworth, “London, 1802”, 1st line.

page 393, lines 21-24.

“Of the passion of love he remarked, that its violence and ill effects were much exaggerated; for who knows any real sufferings on that head, more than from the exorbitancy of any other passion?”

Samuel Johnson, Boswell’s Life of Johnson, 7 December 1770.

page 393, lines 25-26.

“Youth to itself rebels, though none else near.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, Scene iii, line 47.

page 393, lines 25-26.

“And truly in my youth I suffered much extremity for love, very near this.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act II, Scene ii, lines 218-219.

Page 394, line 23.

“April is the cruelest month, Mixing memory and desire.”

T. S. Eliot, “The Waste Land”, I. The Burial of the Dead, lines 1-4.

April is the cruellest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory and desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain.

Page 395, line 2.

“These fragments have I shored against my ruins.”

T. S. Eliot, “The Waste Land”, V. What the Thunder said, line 431.

These fragments I have shored against my ruins.

Page 395, lines 19-20.

“If you could know,” said Janet, mangling Tennyson a little, “you should know what God and man is.”

Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “Flower in the Crannied Wall

Flower in the crannied wall,
I pluck you out of the crannies,
I hold you here, root and all, in my hand,
Little flower: but if I could understand
What you are, root and all, and all in all,
I should know what God and Man is.


Chapter Nineteen

page 400, lines 5-6.

“She kept remembering the stiff little couplet with which Ophelia had returned Hamlet’s presents”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III, Scene i, lines 100-101.

Take these again; for to the noble mind
Rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind.

Page 402, line 14.

“Our revels now are ended.”

Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act IV, Scene i, line 148.

Page 404, lines 6-8.

“Since,” said Thomas, “to look at falling leaves, Fifty years is but a sieve, About the woodland we will run To see the elm gold in the sun.”

parody of third stanza of A. E. Housman’s “Loveliest of Trees

And since to look at things in bloom
Fifty springs are little room,
About the woodlands I will go
To see the cherry hung with snow.

Page 409, lines 17-20.

“You don’t come anywhere near my bottom lip.”

“Then you wont have to reconcile yourself to a dark world.”

Christopher Fry, The Lady’s not for Burning, Act III.

    I’ll not
Reconcile myself to a dark world
For the sake of five-feet six of wavering light,
For the sake of a woman who goes no higher
Than my bottom lip. 


Chapter Twenty

Page 420, line 18; page 421, line 1.

“Not, I’ll not, carrion comfort, Despair, not feast on thee.”

Gerard Manley Hopkins, #64 “Carrion Comfort”, line 1.

Page 422, line 15.

“Out, damned spot.”

Shakespeare, Macbeth, Act V, Scene i, line 38.

Page 422, lines 15-16.

“Virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock but we shall relish of it.”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III, Scene i, lines 117-8.

Page 422, lines 16-17.

“Without gold and women, there would be no damnation.”

Cyril Tourneur [or Thomas Middleton], The Revenger’s Tragedy, Act 2, Scene i, line 929.

Wert not gold and women, there would be no damnation; 

Page 422, line 34.

“Which way I fly is Hell, myself am Hell.”

Milton, Paradise Lost, Book III, line 75.

Page 423, line 5.

“…the sheeted dead all squeak and gibber…”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, Scene i, lines 115-116.

The graves stood tenantless and the sheeted dead
Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets.

Page 431, line 5.

“Into something rich and strange?”

Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act I, Scene ii, line 399.

Page 433, lines 16-19.

“You ride at your peril, this is the night for ambition, distraction comes later.”

“He alluded to Lewis Carroll?”

Lewis Carrol, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, chapter 9

…the different branches of Arithmetic: Ambition, Distraction, Uglification, and Derision.

Page 437, line 3.

“shuffle off this mortal coil”

Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act III, Scene i, line 67.

For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.


Chapter Twenty-One

Page 442, lines 30-31.

“Sometimes the road not taken really is different.”

Robert Frost, “The Road Not Taken

page 444, lines 4-5.

“ And they awoke, and found them here, on the cold hillside.”

Keats, “La Belle Dame Sans Merci

Page 444, line 22.

“Why, this is Hell, nor are we out of it.”

Christopher Marlowe, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, Act I, Scene iii.

Why, this is hell, nor am I out of it:

Page 445, line 4.

“Such men are dangerous.”

Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, Act I, Scene ii, line 194.

He thinks too much: such men are dangerous.

Page 448, lines 8-10.

“I’ll give you this, that one I never knew Plead better for and ‘gainst the devil, than you.”

Cyril Tourneur [or Thomas Middleton], The Revenger’s Tragedy, Act 4, Scene iv, lines 2264-2265.

Ile giue you this, that one I neuer knew 
Plead better, for, and gainst the Diuill, then you.

Page 448, line 4.

“You say farewell, earth’s bliss.”

Thomas Nashe, “Litany in the Time of Plague.”

Page 450, line 32.

“Had you rather hear your dog bark at a crow?”

Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act I, Scene i, lines 105-106.


Additional Supplement

on the correlation between the fictional Blackstock College and the real Carleton College